Ignorance regarding “Women Rights in India” is one of the key factors contributing to rising cases of violence against women. Ignorance is no longer bliss. It calls for an extra vigilance on everyone’s part to be aware and make everyone alert of the legal rights available.
Nowadays, it is scandalous for any society originally modeled on the ruthless form of tyranny against women, to be put on the world map, if its crime rate against women does not show any sign of abatement. Increasing urbanization has led to a spurt in incidents related to domestic violence against women thereby giving a new dimension to social and health problems in India. In order to stay in the competition, prime focus in today’s world is to fight the greatest obstacles related to gender equality, woman’s fundamental rights to equal protection of the laws and right to life and freedom.
Women’s Rights in India
Constitutionally and legally gender equality has been safeguarded. But in Indian context infringement of fundamental privileges of females in forms like sexual, mental, physical and psychological has become rampant and violated. On every woman’s part, awareness about the law of land is must and this article aims to provide an insight on the same.
A brief on Women’s Rights in India
Fundamental rights of women in India can be categorized under the ones provided by various provisions of constitution and rights provided by law-acts of parliament and state legislatures.
Women Rights formulated in the Constitution of India
Constitution has ensured that there is no discrimination against any citizen on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Women’s Rights in India are safeguarded in the Constitution which ensures that women are treated with dignity and respect. Under Constitutional provisions, the fundamental rights for women in India have been safeguarded in the areas of employment, human trafficking, and humane conditions at a workplace, maternity relief, reservations for women in Panchayat and Municipality elections. With reference to legislative provisions in Constitution, Acts related to maternity, dowry, immoral traffic, sati commission has been formulated. The government has also taken special initiatives for women by setting up NCW-National Commission for women, focus on Girl Child and reservations in elections of local bodies.
Women’s rights in India
Any crime which is directed against a woman is characterized under and applicable for “Crime against Women”. Though she may be a victim of crimes such as murder/robbery/cheating, they do not fall in the ambit of specific laws governing Crime against Women. Legally speaking crimes have been classified under the Indian Penal Code and Special Laws. Under IPC crimes such as rape/kidnapping/ Dowry Deaths/ mental and physical torture./ Molestation/ Sexual Harassment are penalized. In order to cater to the emerging demands and giving equal space to a woman in society, there are few special social enactments to safeguard women and their interests specifically. These are majorly related to employment, labor, dowry, maternity, child marriage.
We are facing a sweeping increase in crimes against females whether adults or minors and it has become crucial that any act of harassment and assault be reported so that appropriate justice is handed to the victim. In today’s world, it is all the more mandatory to understand what legally we are entitled to.
I am attempting to bring forward a series of blogs which will create #awareness about #rightsforwomen in India. Next blog talks about “Critical LEGAL Women’s rights in India“.