India and Pakistan have been peacefully sharing the water of Indus river that originates in Tibetian Plateau near lake Mansarovar for over 58 years now. World Bank in the year 1960 helped in arranging the treaty for both countries and since then, they never ran into problems over it. India got control over the tributaries of Beas, Ravi and Sutllej and Pakistant over Chenab, Jhelum and Indus itself. India still uses 20% of the total water of the Indus river as it flows through India before entering Pakistan.
New talks over few issues will begin in Lahore, where India’s Indus Water Commissioner Mr. P K Saxena will meet his Pakistani counterpart Syed Mehr Ali Shah. During the two-day talks event, Pakistan is likely to raise the concern over India’s hydropower and water storage projects that India is building. The dams in question are the Pakul Dul and Lower Kalnai Hydropower projects that India is building over river Chenab. Both sides are also planning to share the hydrological data of the rivers in the two-day event as climate change according to scientists, is going to affect the rivers in very near future. So quick actions should be taken on that front also.
It is also to be noted that, although the river originates in Tibet which is a part of China, China has still been kept out of the treaty and water sharing. If in future China decides to claim its ownership over the river water resources, it will cause a huge set back to both India and Pakistan.
Indus Water Treaty was signed by the then Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru and Ayub Khan respectively.