The map of India shows a list of the most polluted city in India published by WHO 2018. Air Pollution has become a rampant disease playing role in deaths of 1.5 million people in India every year.
On the map do you see a pattern in the air pollution level and air quality index? A defined behavior is visible indicating that most polluted cities in the world are located in the dry belt, away from the sea.
A further analysis confirms that the highlighted cities are not big industrial cities like Vapi, Morbi, Muzaffarnagar etc. So, what could be the cause of the increased air pollution in these cities? It is a common myth, discussed on all platforms, it is not the size of an industrial unit which contributes to environmental issues. 10 units each of 1/10th size of any particular unit will definitely emit more pollution. But, in most cases, the bigger industrial units are under scanner, and as a result, the small players are ignored.
Have you noticed that the cities where there are numerous smaller manufacturing units are more polluted compared to the cities or industrial towns where most manufacturing units are of bigger size?
Secondly, the population density plays a big BIG role. Most of the polluted cities are densely populated, and one needs to evaluate the pollution level as a function of population density. From the data collected by the Air Quality Index, one can track the real-time and forecast of Delhi Pollution air level. On deep drill of data around air quality in Delhi, one cannot agree more than the results of the survey conducted by WHO that out of 1600 world cities, Delhi is the one of the worst in terms of air pollution and it peaks during the time frame of October November.
Clues and Pointers towards finding a solution to handling the acute problem of pollution
From the above, we get a clue how to improve air pollution level and air quality index in Delhi and other cities which are on the brink of smogged. If you want to reduce #DelhiAirPollution, develop other cities in such a way that shift trend in population happens to satellite cities, thus making a balance between growth and pollution.
There is another aspect which has been debated on all forums that cars and automobile are a major source of pollution. Here again, the focus gets shifted to the vehicles, their number as well as individual vehicle performance, for which a PUC (Pollution Under Control) certificate is mandatory. However, if a vehicle takes double time to cover the same distance either due to the poor condition of roads or due to poorly managed traffic, the same vehicle is bound to generate more pollution even for commuting the same distance.
This gives a clue to another aspect also. Have you seen the tyres of your car after say 40,000 or 50,000 kilometers usage? These wear out. So, where does the tyre rubber go? It remains there in the atmosphere making the environment worse and worse. Unfortunately, we never tried to compile the data about the rubber lost in the atmosphere due to the frequent application of your car brakes.
So, what can we do and contribute towards a cause to live pollution free life?
Sorry! I am not going to tell you to reduce your car driving, opt for car-pool or any such alternatives. I know you are already mature enough to understand the importance of these, and you already are practicing these whenever possible without any trouble. The condition of roads and traffic management is not in our hands.
I suggest having a dessert cooler with you at your home, in your office. Many of you have discarded it and are using AC. In that case, have one. During winter, just fill it with water, and switch it on, keeping its direction towards open area (Otherwise you may feel shivering due to much colder!). You’d notice that when the air passes through it, a significant part of suspended solids gets dissolved in water. After 10-12 hours, you may see the quality of water to confirm that the dirt and dust are really getting trapped. Throughout the night, you may clean more than typically 15,000-30,000 cubic meters of air. Imagine the situation if 10% of your families start using this practice. Use the dirty water afterward to water your plants in your garden.
Small units create more pollution combined together, but small people can clean the environment better if all we come together. It is high time, think about it and contribute in your own way towards reducing carbon print!