Childhood Obesity – A #LifeStyle #NewReligion
In today’s world, developed countries are not the only ones facing a childhood obesity epidemic but it has become a global health concern. As per childhood obesity statistics, it has been assessed by World Health Organization (WHO) that in the current scenario, 43 million children under the age of 5 will be overweight and by 2020, childhood obesity causes will contribute to more than 60% of diseases globally.
The issue of childhood obesity has gained momentum because it is linked with health issues falling under both categories like long term effects of childhood obesity and short-term include hypertension, fatty liver disease, cardiovascular diseases, low self-esteem, orthopedic problems, etc. Research suggests that childhood obesity causes can bring about a decline in life expectancy by 2 to 5 years. In addition to these health issues, the world economy gets influenced by unending cases of obesity. Also, the psychological effects of childhood obesity have been observed adding another angle to the complexity of the issue.
Childhood Obesity Causes
It has been discovered that both environmental and genetic factors contribute majorly to the problem of obesity likewise in children and adults. But biologically, defects of genes displaying their phenotype is time-consuming, hence obesogenic environment is held accountable for obesity.
It is highly suggested in order to bring a decline in the cases of the global obesity epidemic, one should follow the guidelines from the childhood of primary or primordial pediatrics obesity prevention and development of healthy lifestyle activities
Childhood Obesity Prevention
In a systematic review of strategies and challenges, experiments prove that programs designed at school level in large groups have an impact for a longer duration. The reason for childhood obesity causes might be because children devote a majority of their time in school and tend to imbibe a few aspects of lifestyle. These programs have far-reaching consequences on health mannerisms but it has been discovered that due to limitations, childhood obesity effects on anthropometric measures are vague. Parents play a very important role in the development of behavior of the child and it has been observed that in some cases family-based involvements have fetched results but these results get fogged in cases of selection partiality and high dropout rate. Desirable results were achieved for Clinic-based interventions in childhood obesity prevention, consisted of variations in dietary or other lifestyle changes, for instance, being more active physically or bring change in behavior therapy. A rightful combination of interventions like diet and exercise was more fruitful rather than adopting different designs. Other factors which contributed to obesity control were parenting skills and lifestyle led by child inclusive of standard and explicit styles.
In order to work on childhood obesity prevention, enhance body structure and cardiovascular fitness, the inclusion of physical activity is mandatory in daily life making it #Liefstyle a #NewReligion. It is suggested that one should carry out at least an hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day but it might happen that children will not be able to sustain such a long duration of a physical workout due to chances of fatigue. Easier fatigue in obese children is due to the absence of resolution and a thick subcutaneous fat layer foiling dissipation of heat from the body. It is recommended that in the early stages, physical activity should be taken in shorter durations followed by easing oneself. But it is mandated that the child should be able to carry out the entire 60 mins of exercise which would in his case be >1 hour. Engaging oneself in physical activity will help in building stamina and help in executing exercises for a longer duration. Weight cannot be reduced by only focusing on physical activity. Control on calorie intake is also needed. It is suggested that water and fruits be given to the child after physical activity. While following a regime to fight childhood obesity, children involved in competitive sports need to ensure that they moderate their intake when there is offseason because of a reduction in physical activity