Pollution Level In Delhi- Major reasons behind Delhi air pollution

Air quality index Delhi

Delhi, India’s capital region, has always been in highlights and air pollution in Delhi is a growing public concern. The toxic level of increasing air pollution in and around the city is creating quite a menace to health. Delhi, that is notorious for its choking air now turning the iconic white marble walls of Taj Mahal green. The city faced major air quality crisis last year that caused flight cancellations, traffic accidents, closed schools and sparked protests. Now Delhi is described as the “gas chamber.”

This year as well, the city is facing the same pollution problems as the winters are approaching. Changing weather conditions have locked the pollutants in the air and made the situation even worse. The doctors have warned people to stay indoors as much as possible and they have also advised masses to use masks.

A complex mix of factors such as Diwali fireworks, urban emissions from vehicles, cooking, lighting, waste-burning, industries, power plants, and construction activities can be held responsible for the extreme level of pollution. Let us know the major reasons behind this soaring pollution:

Air pollution

Pollution Level In Delhi

    Delhi shares its border with the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and one of the main reasons for increasing pollution in National Capital Region is crop burning by the farmers of these states. Farmers burn approximately 35 million tonnes of the crop in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The wind carries all the pollutants and dust particles which gets locked in the air during the winters. Many traffic accidents happen due to the fog caused by the burning of crops.
    The main and the most important reason behind the death-causing air pollution and smog in Delhi is its traffic. The emission of hazardous gases from vehicles is increasing smog in the city. Pollution is directly proportional to the population in Delhi. Overpopulation in Delhi only adds up to the various types of vehicles which results in pollution in the city. Burning of petrol and diesel to run automotive vehicle releases greenhouse gases.
    As the winter season sets in, dust particles and air pollutants get locked in the air due to stagnant wind affecting weather conditions and resulting in smog. Air pollutants are unable to move in winters and results in causing fog.
    Despite the ban on cracker sale, crackers are commonly seen during Diwali and wedding season. It may not be the top reason for pollution in Delhi but it definitely contributes to the smog in the air.
    Industries are responsible for up to 20 percent of toxic gases in the atmosphere. It is said that power plants and restaurants are the biggest sources of pollutants like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide. Industrial pollution and garbage dump are building-up smog in the air.
    Large-scale construction in Delhi is another culprit that is increasing dust and pollution in the air. Construction dust comprises small particles such as cement and soot and large particles such as grit, sand, and wood dust which degrade the air quality.

This pollution can only be prevented if we take care of us and our surroundings. We should take efforts to reduce it. The odd-even rule should be enforced again in Delhi to control the increasing rate of air pollution. Planting can do miracles as it prevents us from pollution as well as keep us healthy from many other diseases so we should start planting trees.

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